China launches twinning campaign as marriage and birth rates drop


China has launched a campaign to control the severe distress in its economic and social stability which may also pose a threat to the Chinese Communist Party regime caused by a sharp drop in marriage rates due to the one-child policy.

Now the authorities are not only encouraging young people to marry; they also try to keep married couples together. The Communist Youth League, the youth wing of the CCP, has taken over the task of twinning, organizing mass blind dating events to help singles find life partners.

Chinese officials said the drop in marriage rates was due to the one-child policy, a deliberate strategy introduced in 1979 to control the Chinese population.

According to data released by the Ministry of Civil Affairs, China’s marriage rate plunged for the sixth consecutive year to 6.6 per 1,000 people, a 33 percent drop from 2013 and the lowest level in 14 years.

The data also revealed that the number of Chinese who marry for the first time also fell by 41%, from 23.8 million in 2013 to 13.9 million in 2019.

China’s one-child policy was a measure to limit its growing population that continued for decades, it ended in 2016.

Demographers had previously warned of the looming demographic crisis.

The one-child policy has affected marriages in other ways as well. The traditional preference of Chinese families for sons has led to an asymmetric sex ratio at birth, especially in rural areas. Currently, China has a surplus of more than 30 million men, who will struggle to find wives.

The increased social and economic status of women has also made it more difficult to find a suitable partner for two groups at opposite ends of the marriage market: highly educated and high income women and low educated and low income men.

This has resulted in a dramatic shift in attitudes towards marriage, especially among young women, some of whom are increasingly disappointed with the institution for its role in entrenching gender inequalities, experts said.

According to the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, statistics show that both sexes delay marriage. From 1990 to 2016, the average age at first marriage rose from 22 to 25 for Chinese women and from 24 to 27 for Chinese men.

Marriage and birth rates have fallen. Between 2016 and 2019, the number of births fell from 13 per 1,000 people to 10, a trend that is not helped by the fact that women are financially independent and millennials have different values.

Falling nuptiality has now become a major issue for China, namely the decline in the working-age population since 2011. Beijing’s working-age population declined in 2014, for the first time in more than three decades, which alarmed the Chinese. communist leaders.

To overcome the crisis, the Chinese government ended the one-child policy, allowing couples to have two children. It entered into force on January 1, 2016. In addition, it introduced several policies and propaganda campaigns urging couples to have children.

State media are now teaching couples that the birth of a child is “not only a family affair but also a state affair.” In towns and villages, propaganda slogans advocating a second child have multiplied, replacing the old ones, threatening severe penalties in violation of the one-child policy. The campaigns focus on the government’s determination to babysit new children to come to overcome the crisis.

Despite the relaxation of the one-child policy, marriages and childbirths continue to decline, and none of these policies and campaigns appear to have reversed the decline in marriage rates.

(Only the title and image of this report may have been reworked by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)

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